In all three of his cotillon collections, Gherardi provides the same list of steps needed for the dances.
‘The Names of the French Country Dance Steps
Balancé pas de Rigodon.
Deux chassés, assemblé, pas de Rigodon.
Deux glissades, assemblé, pas de Rigodon.
Contre-tems en avant, contre-tems en arrière, contre-tems en tournant.
Chassé en tournant.
Demi contre-tems d’un Pied et de l’autre.
Brizé, a trois pas d’un Pied et de l’autre.
Chassé a trois pas d’un Pied et de l’autre.
And the Steps necessary for the Country Dance in Allemande.’
It is obvious that Gherardi is setting down not individual steps but sequences of steps, enchainements, for use within the changes and the figures of his cotillons.
He does not explain how each particular step is to be performed. However, in his ‘Observations and Advice’ at the beginning of his first collection, Gherardi says:
‘Every Lady & Gentleman desirous of dancing the Cotillons with some degree of Excellence, … should have the assistance of a Master to perfect them in the following very few Steps; easy in the Execution, and without which, it is impossible to perform these fashionable & entertaining Dances with Precision.’
In his second collection, Gherardi proposes that gentlemen and ladies take out subscriptions for his Cotillon Academy, where they can learn the steps ‘from the Assistance of an experienced Master’. Was he assuming that they will know the basic belle danse steps, but will need help with his enchainements?
Most of the steps are recognisable from the dance manuals of the early 18th century, and several are those described by Gallini. However, the ‘Brizé, a trois pas’ and the ‘Chassé, a trois pas’ are not so familiar and will need a bit of investigation, as do ‘the Steps necessary for the Country Dance in Allemande’.
I can see I will need to devote some more posts to cotillon steps.